Discrimination and harassment against gay men, lesbians and transgender people continues to blister across the European Union despite rules aimed at curbing such abuses, a new EU report announced Tuesday.

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights said homophobic attacks are often underreported. Offenses include verbal abuse and violent attacks.

“Many LGBT persons experience discrimination, bullying and harassment,” FRA Director Morten Kjaerum said in a statement. “There have been physical attacks and even deadly assaults against LGBT persons in some countries. These are alarming signals in an EU that prides itself on its principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination.”

The report concluded that prejudice is widespread, ranging from harassment in schools to discrimination in employment or health care. Gay pride marches have been banned or protested (authors cited Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Poland and Romania). Organizations serving the gay and lesbian community have been vandalized or torched. And homophobic speech by politicians and religious leaders fuels the intolerance (the report cited Italy, Hungary, Malta, Bulgaria and the Czech Republic).

The study pointed out that only three member states – Belgium, the Netherlands and Spain – currently endorse gay marriage.

Acceptance of gay rights was also high in France, Austria and Sweden (Sweden is set to become the fourth EU member to allow gay marriage in May.)

Its authors recommended government action to improve the situation in the 27-country region. They suggested the adoption of anonymous reporting of hate crimes and improved awareness campaigns.