Larry King Now this week hosted a panel of experts to discuss HIV in America.

Appearing on the Emmy-nominated series were Jake Glaser, spokesman for the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, Christopher Brown, director of health and mental services for the Los Angeles LGBT Center, Sheryl Lee Ralph, entertainer and founder of the Divinely Inspired Victoriously AIDS Aware (DIVA) Foundation and Diane Anderson-Minshall, editor-in-chief at The Advocate.

“Transgender women are 49 times more likely than the general population to be HIV-positive,” Anderson-Minshall stated.

“Do we know why?” host Larry King asked.

“Because of lack of access to care, institutionalized transphobia and homophobia that keeps them out of employment, so many have had to resort to survival sex for money or for housing. Some have used all their money to pay for transition-related care, and so they don't have money for treatment. And then there's a lot of stuff again about discrimination and racism that really keeps those people disconnected from care,” she answered.

Brown explained that Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), commonly known as Truvada, can be highly effective at preventing HIV transmission.

“The challenge we see with PrEP is often associated with out-of-pocket costs,” Brown said.

Glaser dismissed concerns that people on Truvada would take more sexual risks.

“I think through studies and what we found that's not the case at all. And I think it's reflective as well as the Morning After pill, and there's opportunity here to arm people with ...”

“Birth control,” Anderson-Minshall injected.

The panel added that the stigma around HIV/AIDS was growing and that the cost of HIV drugs remained “extremely high.”

(Watch the entire episode at