Pope Francis and pope emeritus Benedict
XVI have co-authored a religious text stating their opposition to gay
In an 82-page document released Friday
by the Vatican, the two popes restated the Roman Catholic Chruch's
definition of marriage as a “stable union of man and woman,” the
“This union is born of their love, as
a sign and presence of God's own love, and of acknowledgment and
acceptance of the goodness of sexual differentiation,” the text
The religious text, called an
encyclical, is titled Light of Faith (Lumen Fidei).
Its central tenet is that faith should be considered a “common
“Its light does not simply brighten
the interior of the Church, nor does it serve solely to build an
eternal city in the hereafter, it helps us build our societies,”
the encyclical says.
Francis said that Benedict had “almost
completed” the text before stepping down earlier this year.
The two popes, who both live inside
Vatican City, also appeared Friday at a Vatican ceremony for the
unveiling of a new statue.